Established in 1920, the Toyo Kogyo Co. machine tools production plant started constructing 3-wheel delivery Mazda vehicles in 1931. The first prototypes of passenger cars were developed in 1940, and of pick-ups in 1950, but the series production of the small R-360 Coupe model started only in 1960. In 1984, the company assumed the present name. Since 1979 - 24.5%, and since 1996 - 33.4% of Mazda shares has belonged to Ford. Mazda passenger cars are currently produced / assembled in Japan, the USA (since 1987), Spain (since 2003), South Africa (since 1963), China (since 1992 under the Hainan Mazda make, and since 2003 under the FAW Mazda make), Malaysia (1968-2004), the Philippines (since 1993), Taiwan (since 1987), Vietnam (sin- ce 1992), Ecuador (since 1986), Colombia (since 1984), Venezuela (until 2003), Zimbabwe (since 1980), and Iran (since 1998), and pick-ups: in Thailand, South Africa, the USA, Malaysia, Zimbabwe, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Vietnam and Iran. Moreover, Forta cars licensed by Mazda are produced in China and in Malaysia, the Philippines, Colombia (since 1999), and Taiwan, Mazda cars under the Ford make are produced.
Latest premieres: Paris 2002 - Mazda 2 (Demio II for export) and a prototype of 6 MPS; October 2002 - Spiano Turbo; Tokyo 2002 - Demio Business and MPV Lift Up Seat concept cars; Detroit 2003 - Washu minivan concept car; Tokyo 2003 (tuning show) - Demio, Mazdaspeed, Atenza Mazdaspeed, Roadster Mazdaspeed, RX8 Mazdaspeed and prototypes of RS Coupe NR-A / A-Type / E-Type (all based on the MX-5 / Roadster); Geneva 2003 - MX Sportif minivan concept car; June 2003 - Axela (production launch); July 2003 - Atenza 23 Z; August 2003 - Roadster restyling; September 2003 - Spiano SS; Frankfurt 2003 - 3 sedan / hatchback, MPV restyling and Kusabi coupe concept car; October 2003 - Roadster Coupe; Tokyo 2003 - AZ-Wagon of the third generation, Tribute restyling, Roadster Turbo, RX-8 Hydrogen RE concept car and Ibuki roadster concept car; Detroit 2004 - Tribute restyling (production in the USA) and MX-Micro Sport concept car; Tokyo 2004 (tuning show) - Coupe TS Concept and a prototype of RX-8 NR-A; Geneva 2004 - MX-Flexa minivan concept car; June 2004 - Verisa; August 2004 - RX-8 Mazdaspeed Version II; September 2004 - a new Carol; Paris 2004 - 5, 6 MPS (series version); October 2004 - AZ-Offroad restyling; Tokyo 2004 - Premacy II; December 2004 - AZ-Wagon restyling; Detroit 2005 - MX-Crossport concept car; Geneva 2005 - MX-5 / MX-5 Miata / Roadster of the third generation, 6 restyling; April 2005 - Demio restyling. In 2003, production of the following models was terminated: Eunos 800 / Millenia, in 2004 - Familia S-Wagon / 323 F station wagon / Protege Sport Wagon, Familia / 323 S / Protege sedan and the old Carol, and in 2005 - MX-5 / MX-5 Miata / Roadster of the second generation and Roadster Coupe, 6 / Atenza restyling. Plans for the future: 2005 - Sport Tourer; 2006 - MX-Crossport, 3 MPS, RX-8 MPS; 2007 - new RX 7, Tribute II; 2009 - 2 of the second generation. In 2003, the concern produced 1,137,901 passenger and utility vehicles (excluding Ford, Nissan and Mitsubishi cars produced by Mazda; including Mazda cars produced by Suzuki) in 19 countries.